|History of aikido
· Origins (from old style jujitsu to judo/aikido)
· Sokaku Takeda and Morihei Ueshiba
· Morihei Ueshiba and Kenji Tomiki
· Jigoro Kano and Kenji Tomiki
· The development of aikido competition
Sokaku Takeda, who revived Daitoryu Aikijujitsu, was born in 1860 in the town of Aizu Sakashita in Fukushima prefecture. He was raised in the best environment to learn bujitsu. From his childhood he learned Onoha Ittoryu Kenjitsu, sumo, sojitsu (spear), bojitsu (staff), etc. and in 1873 at the age of 13 he became an apprentice to the famous Kenkichi Sakakibara in Jikishinkageryu Kenjitsu. In 1880 at the age of 20 he was initiated by Hoshina Chikanori into Daitoryu Aikijujitsu (at that time called Oshikiuchi) which was being practised in secrecy by the Aizu clan.
In 1897 aged 37, on Hoshina's instructions, he began to travel on foot all over Japan to spread Daitoryu Aikijujitsu. According to his records he had more than 30,000 pupils of whom only Takuma Hisa was licensed to teach and who's deputy was Morihei Ueshiba. On the certificate awarded to Takuma Hisa there is a list of the contents of the Daitoryu Aikijujitsu lessons taught by Sokaku Takeda. It is thought that Morihei Ueshiba was also taught most of them.
Morihei met Sokaku in 1916 in the town of Engaru in Hokkaido and studied under him. He received certificates in March 1917 and in 1923. On 15th September 1923 he became qualified to teach. The certificate reads something like this:
Before taking on any pupil in Daitoryu Aikijujitsu first make sure that they are of
When you teach someone make them write their name, age, address, place where
taught and the period of instruction on your list of students along with their seal.
For every student you teach pay three yen membership fee to Sokaku Takeda.
The certificate specifies that Ueshiba completed sections 1 to 3 of the certificate given to Takuma Hisa. Between 20th March and 7th April 1931 in the town of Ushigome he received lessons pertaining to section 5. Therefore it is thought that the majority of Daitoryu Aikijujitsu techniques were passed down to him.